Going Alcohol Free Forever

10-Apr-2019

As it turns out, this was the only center that was able to give him more than just a few months of sobriety, as its been going on a year now since he went to a forever recovery. When i awoke the next morning with the inevitable headache, i can’t deny i felt a bit disappointed in myself but i had a choice to make – either i saw this as the slip up that it was or i throw the towel in completely. You need to attempt alcohol free forever as it is the very best economical alcohol dependency program. This is your body without alcohol. Hey at least you know what you have and how to deal with it.

Alcohol Free Forever
Alcohol Free Forever

I've created a step-by-step system to empower you to .  you drink on a daily basis to cope with stress or strong emotions. In canada, a reduced-alcohol beer contains 2. Himself as an alcoholic if he believes this. We all deserve a better life outside of the prison of addiction. I see my triggers and i work through them.

Alcohol Free Forever
Alcohol Free Forever

Because i was clear in mind, i had the energy to make the most of these incredible experiences. Alcohol is tearing my life apart. Many people familiar with the challenges facing. People who exercise regularly are much less likely to relapse. The damaging effects of alcohol on testosterone are made even worse when you exercise before drinking. The challenging part in overcoming of your alcohol addiction. Asthma free forever was developed by jerry, a former asthma victim. I would shake like i was going to break, i would start to sweat, i couldn’t think until i had another drink.

Alcohol Free Forever
Alcohol Free Forever

It is primarily based on the amount of alcohol consumed, body weight, gender and total time elapsed since drinking began. These guys truly care about their clients, and are very impassioned about helping people to go free from drug and alcohol addiction once and for all and for good. When you recognize it, just tell it "i never drink" and continue with whatever you were doing. D: for na beer its not bad. This will give you details of what you have to do for 35 days. I would highly recommend this facility to anyone who has a close friend or a loved one having problems with drugs. Investigator doing his best to collect, analyze. Eliminate or pull from me the negative energy. It could aid you consider the positive impacts of giving up. Is what you have created for yourself within.

Alcohol Free Forever
Alcohol Free Forever

A complete solution to quit drinking and get rid of alcohol addiction & alcoholism ~zero refunds ~ get a free $75 when you become an affiliate: alcoholfreeforever. "this is my 9th day of sobriety. Founded in 1978 in scottsdale, arizona, forever living products is the largest grower, manufacturer and distributor of aloe vera products in the world. Is it media or something else. Coming off alcohol is as dangerous as heroin withdrawals.

Alcohol Free Forever
Alcohol Free Forever

I have been setting boundaries with family, etc… told them i am doing some much needed important self care, and they need to respect my space. Some people have quicker baseline metabolism rates than others, a trait making then better equipped to process and eliminate alcohol. Tacono connor, i am with you, you are not alone. You may also feel better in yourself, more alert and generally brighter without alcohol in your system. "just knowing the bad mistakes you made through.

An asthma sufferer since his childhood, jerry was more than familiar with the excruciating symptoms of asthma attacks. The key ingredients of this toner are witch hazel, lavender, and chamomile. Picking myself up today with some light withdrawals. If you ignore your aftercare then your odds of “making it” slip to near zero percent. The root cause is not a skin disease - it's an issue with the immune system that causes everyday things to make the skin flare up. 12 hours later i can still smell the wonderful light lemon scent on my skin. Each bottle you purchase keeps you healthy and feeling good.

Vomiting, diarrhea, shakes, pins and needles in my hands and feet, anxiety, terror - the list goes on and on. If you or loved one need to go to a place to get clean and get his or her life on track a forever recovery is the best place to turn for help. And everyday terms such as acceptance,. My respect goes out to the staff members and the team that is a forever recovery. If other people in your family also drink alcohol, consider whether having alcohol in your house would be an insurmountable temptation. There's something powerful in the idea that i can not ever, ever, never, forever, ever have another drink.

Overlooking what you have to focus on what you haven’t. If i do have a drink it is always only one and then i switch to water or something non alcoholic. The instant calm that came with the alcohol was preceded by an intense anxiety. It would be advised to consult your doctor beforehand, however, due to the lack of information regarding its safety. Their stay was exactly what they needed to break free and get clean. Oasas traditionally did not conduct post-treatment outcome studies. It can be noted that hair tests were not used for alcohol testing until 2008. This is, i think a very small post with a lot of good advice, so please stay with me/us.

Vitamin c – buy the best vitamin c you can buy. Someone is under a “zero tolerance” order by the justice system. The first step to getting sober and recovery is to detox from alcohol. Alcohol free forever download will educate you the appropriate diet regimen and also supplements to reduce your withdrawal signs and symptoms as well as desires for alcohol. Everyone there is incredibly friendly and willing to help and just willing to absolutely stick their necks out for you and do whatever they have to do to service you and to make the experience of beating addiction a doable one for you. This is typical but variations are out there of course. Mark smith’s alcohol free forever is a step-by-step guide on how to overcome your compulsion to drink too much alcohol and get past your cravings. Exercise helps as well when you are cutting down. People just like you who felt hopeless and were ready to give up, found new hope.

Like many addictive substances, it can be challenging overcoming an alcohol problem. Get friends, family, and even their employer involved. They will also be greatly increasing their chances of relapse. Employee attempts to sabotage or mask the alcohol test results. "thank you so much for sharing your expertise on how to heal cold sores for good. They will also send you alerts for site wide and invite-only sales and events. Almost every time we drink we fight. Going on an alcohol free vacation.

It allows to analyze the relationship of the individual to alcohol, a relationship that is never identical from one person to another. Just email me at the address below and i'd be happy to get back to you with an answer as soon as i can. Complain that you drink too much. To being an individual than merely claiming to be. The reality, however, is that the use of molly — a stimulant drug — comes with serious health risks.

A mistake here is getting comfortable only curbing your drinking by one drink. Not the kind of thing i am going to find in duty free in india (or uk/dubai for that matter). But you are going to access this program by just spending few dollars. Or have you experienced problems during your drinking that probably wouldn’t have. Go through a detoxification program: sobriety begins with ceasing the consumption of alcohol. A forever rehab saved the life of a young man that i personally know for a very long time.

About a year ago we got her into a forever recovery and that program has changed her in so many ways. The most important thing you will learn from alcohol free forever™ is that it is possible to give up drinking and it doesn’t have to be difficult or complicated. In recovery from alcohol addiction. You will have more time to develop new interests and participate in new activities and build healthier habits. "day 13 - over the past couple of days the headaches have subsided, but i'm itchy as hell. Mark came up with alcohol free forever to assist others that are facing a challenge similar to his to share his experience from being an alcoholic and the things that he did to take control of the problem he was facing. I’ll let you know how i get on but first there are the next few days when i know that this little monster called alcohol will be clawing at me a little bit to keep me addicted.

) i have had none of the horrific symptoms some of you have had. I know i have done damage to my kidneys and liver, after i detox that’s my next step going back to the gi doctor to find out what else i have done to myself. Knowing that my daughter couldn’t just walk out the front door and be at a liquor store in 5 minutes was a huge relief for me. Other targets that are affected by alcohol include cannabinoid, opioid and dopamine receptors, although it is unclear whether alcohol affects these directly or if they are affected by downstream consequences of the gaba/nmda effects. Allowed many opportunities from god to grow.

Find triggers that motivate you to drink. [30] however, some stores voluntarily opt out from selling it to minors anyway. The alcohol free system is nothing as compared to the cost of rehabilitation programs, and for a one-time reasonable fee, you can already make your way to long term sobriety. My point here is simply that the right answer to “so what are we going to do about it.   the weekend was my favorite time to relax, so that also seemed to coincide with a couple of glasses of wine. Of course, if it becomes uncontrollable too often, quitting would be the only option. I am writing this review about a forever recovery although i personally did not go to the treatment center. So please, all of you who are struggling, don’t give up.

If you reflect onconsideration on that alcohol free forever is surely giving the rip-off or even alcohol free forever is certainly professional, we advise you to check on the reliability from the product via alcohol free forever product reviews below.   in this crazy world that’s trying to make you like everyone else, stay true to your awesome self. I was gaining weight, had chronic headaches, and my depression kept…. Find all the answers in this alcohol free forever review. They even scored better on short term memory evaluations, which is supposed to be the first thing to go once you start slinging back highballs. I would recommend their program to anyone who is in need of a good recovery program. About the product: alcohol free forever. "environments distant from god are said to be.

Previous treatment centers never gave me enough time to actually beat a habit for life, whereas a forever recovery did. As you can see below, people who were still having physical symptoms after seven days regretted not seeking medical help:. Simply have a fear of public speaking. Myths & truths about alcohol detoxification. Just before i get rolling, please note that i do have an affiliate connection to the product publisher – whenever you click through to their internet site by means of any of the links on this page i get a commission if you purchase.

As i’m not drinking i just had apple juice and put the time to good use by explaining to each of them the damage they were doing to themselves with their alcohol consumption and pointing out how much better i am now due to me not drinking. I’ve been drinking heavily for 10’years. I knew i had a problem and had to do something about it…. Far cry from my 18 pack a day and 4 in the morning. Hey, for 50 cents it was cheaper than a bottle of water and sort of tasted like a real beer =). * certain symptoms of withdrawal such as restless leg syndrome can interfere with the normal sleep pattern. And if there is a more serious problem developing, then the counselor can advise the person to seek additional help or treatment services.

Going Alcohol Free Forever

Thanks to alcohol free forever, i was able to convince myself not to drink another bottle again. My first day i slept all day, which seems to be the opposite of what most people go through. Working with it often is the sole method which you can know doubtlessly whether it is going to meet its statements and thus whether is going to meet your needs exactly. This treatment center truly showed me just how powerful recovery can be when you really work at it, and it showed me the exact amount of effort that i needed to put in to engage myself in abstinence and sobriety and to actually make it last for once. Have been drinking fairly heavily for the last 10 years but 1 litre of vodka a night the last 6 months.

Quitting alcohol will not only improve your quality of life, it’ll let you enjoy more of it. First time to an entirely new and, in his mind,. Lets take a look at the post i wrote over a year ago;. Father martin first became widely known through a talk he gave on the 12 steps of recovery propounded by alcoholics anonymous. But first i’ll answer the question on your mind.

"i experience the severe withdrawal symptoms when i tried to quit.   after all, you spray perfume on your body and apply makeup to the skin. Probably more prone to having and expressing. This is what is called the kindling effect that repeated alcohol withdrawal has. Alcohol contains a lot of empty calories.

Hi, wow this sight has really given me a lot to think about, in the short term, but even more so in the long term. I haven’t tried everything listed above, but i am taking vitamins, extra b12, milk thistle, kudzu, oat straw extract – avena sativa, curcumin/tumeric, try to add cayenne pepper or black pepper to my meals. The getaway car is left running outside while the. A powerful way to stop cravings dead in their tracks. These simple practices start to give you a feeling of confidence that you can go an entire month without it. The occurrence of a “serious” event (drunk driving and fatal accident, uncontrollable violence …) are determinants of the patient’s wishes.

O: this beer isn’t that bad considering that it is non-alcoholic—it has some flavors of bready malts but there seems to be some leftover chemicals from the process used to remove the alcohol. Another method of removing the alcohol is to decrease the pressure so the alcohol boils at room temperature. It felt like an allergic reaction everytime i would drink. And often, during the dreams where i'm knocking back the booze as if it were yesterday, my dreamself is thinking – this isn't what i do. The voyages are designed to show passengers that life can be celebrated without the inclusion of alcohol. As opposed to losing your time mosting likely to sustain teams, this going alcohol free forever training course makes sense. However, many people have no idea what a standard drink looks like. There is a levity that harks back to compton mackenzie’s jeux d’esprit (perhaps more.

Usage and continue to misconstrue them in ways. Benzyl alcohol is one of the drying types of alcohol, but in both cases here it is at the end of the ingredients list and present in such small quantities that it wouldn’t be considered problematic. If that is the case then you should really seek inpatient detox help. This is a duplicate but still important. I had some really tough days where i just wanted to go home. Here’s to feeling alive and creative. Alcohol free forever program is designed to help those people who want to stop and quit drinking, how to get rid of alcohol addiction & alcoholism successfully and naturally. Alcohol free forever has a frenzy rating of. If you do this is the perfect thing for you it removes dead skin and many other lose skin partials plus bactria. Probably tried several different ways of giving up this awful habit.

It was ranked as the eighth most-challenged book in the 1990s, according to the american library association. Less money spent on rehab programs and counseling. It is a climax that one should expect. If you are a scheduled drinker, change your routine. (tht’s a good thing. Addiction will be a thing of the past. I am the master and the destroyer of my existence. Of rebirth into physical form, we must erase. Case, your wrong thoughts have led you to drink too much and too often.

Reduced flexibility and range of motion; joints, tendons and ligaments harden and lose elasticity, leading to restricted alcohol free forever download movement in the joints. "i'm feeling so much better about my life and my actions. May not be redeemed for cash or cash equivalent. Even more apprehensive by such attention. I own a child care facility, and this is what we use. Alcohol free forever by mark smith. Second to the ignorant jerk off that posted such a rude comment you have no idea what these people are going through so how dare you pass judgement.

Don’t help others unless you have to. The common ones include pollen and spores from fungi. Please consider the possibility that god’s will was for you and maybe even your husband, to experience everything that you have experienced and that all is perfect just the way it is. State involves their more outward aspects and. Print, there is surprisingly little to be found. Should i go to long term drug rehab treatment. It is going to be ruthless to imply that alcohol free forever may be a scam. Drinking made my family look at me different something i’m not use too… i’m a daddy of a 12 yo girl who is in florida and that’s killing me ….

Mercy on everyone, to save the whole world by. Welcome and embrace every episode as each reflects a beautiful moment of subconscious healing, and the reclaiming of another aspect of life. The many years i spent searching for the answers to my inner problems took me through 22 different approaches to lifestyle and personal growth and problem solving before finding what really works. In hell and again lead lives of greed and tyranny. We also often analysis the product’s information from the reliable sources (who make the deep testing) like cook’s illustrated, america’s test kitchen, consumer reports, consumer testing laboratories, etc.

There are many factors which effect the blood alcohol concentration (bac) in someone’s body who has been drinking. He chose me and our relationship instead of his addiction. In my opinion, the 12 steps and all the programs were correctly run, and they adhered to policy. Alcoholic drinking is a solitary, lonely business but recovery isn't. I’ve been doing a lot of online reading about sobriety and addiction.

Alcohol free forever gave me a total solution on how how to quit drinking it gave me the power to take my life back and it can help you get yours without drinking. Most of those who experience severe alcohol withdrawal symptoms do so because they are going through their detoxification period "on their own" without the benefit of medical help. I made a few phone calls to different rehab centers in the state, and i enjoyed my talk with one of the intake counselors at a forever recovery the most. If you learn to take charge of your thoughts and feelings, you can set yourself up for. These are just a few of the many, natural ways that you can treat eczema at home. Here's how to be sure you're drinking the vegan stuff. 2) i will save lots of money.

* there are many people who believe that their only problem is alcohol or drugs, and they forget that there were reasons why they feel into addiction in the first place. So yes if you have any, go to the red channel, declare it and go on. If the test showed alcohol or marijuana (thc) you will be allowed to retest in six months. More remarkably, this improvement keeps improving. Stew that begins "first, kill an ox. Some silly ideas that may or may not help with relapsing. Light (reduced alcohol) beer[edit]. Have led you to drink too much and too. As in the discussion meeting, sharing that. Most of the house will be painted, re-wallpapered,etc within the next few weeks.

It has actually been a very long time since i went to a forever recovery, but i was reminded of this treatment center and wanted to write about them as a close family friend went there very recently for a serious alcohol problem. Realm was that they all shared the same kind. Lastly this has been the worst detox i’ve gone through and i cant afford ati-seizure meds and there isn’t a medical detox thats free here. Grapevine: the international journal of. The ebook is written in simple language, yet contains concrete measures that can enable you quit drinking forever. I was adopted so i assume my birth parents were alcoholics. You are fighting for you life here.

And then find myself stopping at store on way home from work to buy “just one more” bottle of wine. Martin, whose battle with alcoholism inspired him to become a national leader in the fight against the disease by speaking, writing books, making videos and starting a treatment center, died march 9 at his home in havre de grace, md. Generally helpful one, some newcomers are made. Because alcohol is a drug. The regular price of the alcohol free forever system by mark smith when purchasing it through the official website is $37. Approximately 63% of adult men reported drinking alcohol in the last 30 days.

​if you plan going alcohol free forever, then this blog post needs to aid you. They have a very strong belief system and very firm approach to making sure that their people are happy and well taken care of. While some may respond better to group meetings and sponsors, those that want to tacke this alone in the privacy of your own home, then give this a try. The typical meeting will involve reading some. Getting upset with yourself for any temporary drawback will be non productive, and will make people more prone to not quit. I’m in the music scene, so it’s very hard indeed to not drink…but i’m going to make an even more special effort this time.

Web users click on virtually all the links they find in the internet, in their search for ultimate answers to series of questions. If you look at the success rates of rehabs and then consider what they cost per day, per client, this is a very valid conclusion. There are a number of reasons for why people experience sleep problems in early recovery including:. And every evening i start drinking again, swearing it'll be less tonight. Cannabis is not recommended to treat morning sickness or for medical purposes during pregnancy.

A few rules make it helpful to prepare for dry months:.

Alcohol Free Forever Reviews

Jill holden, beauty and spa therapy teacher at gateshead college, said: “many of us spend so much on make-up and moisturisers to keep our skin looking bright and fresh; it’s such a waste to counteract all of this time and effort by drinking alcohol. In a dorm-like setting, patients reside in either a private or semi-private room. Around people on earth who drink too much, lusting. The point is, as a frequent flier who takes red-eyes, international flights, and flights from the west coast to east coast often, i've got a system for getting my drink on (responsibly, of course) while not spending all that much money on the pricey airplane alcohol. Small ale) is a beer/ale that contains very little alcohol. As i gulped it down, i could feel the agony gradually lessening. Underage drinking is illegal—an arrest can lead to losing a job, a driver's license, or a college scholarship. "the difference between life on earth and life. But now i wake up with panics, i reach and reach as soon as i wake up and sweat all day til i can get home for a drink. Yet, once again, there is the sweet spot.

I don’t what i should do. I hope this gets better and the headaches disappear. This program does not only have downloadable items however additionally features various other products that could assist you to alleviate your alcoholic issues. They provide opportunity for sharing life experiences and lessons learned. And, in all honesty, you will feel bad at first.

The more alcohol someone drinks, the more alcohol your body needs to metabolize. Into a heavenly afterlife, nor does it change. Create your own recovery program. I’m too young fora life of this behaviour i don’t want my kids seeing me like this or hurting the man i love and my father constantly fearing that i’m gonna die. Is alcohol ruining your relationship. This information is collected at client discharge.

I had been going back and forth between pills and alcohol for years, and i had recently overdoses and almost died. Greater than the alcoholic's fear of relapse into. With the testimonials provided by those who underwent the alcohol free forever program, it appears to be an effective tool to stop alcohol dependence for good. I am going to try again to stop. The more lonely i got, the more i drank. Having had a spiritual awakening as the result.

This is a program you can do from the privacy of your own home. That after death the soul goes. On this site the information about products have not been evaluated by the food and drug administration. Showing you how to stop drinking within an hour by using a powerful technique. They really work with you to get to the root cause of your addiction and the steps you need to take to make sure you can handle the problems in your life without resorting to the use of drugs to get through them. It’s not a five star hotel.

What we think drug rehab costs: time, money, and social stigma. Most complain that they cannot have fun without having alcohol. After using alcohol free forever, we’re so impressed that we did not hesitate to give our testimonials on it. The author of the book, mark smith is a life coach that previously was an alcoholic. The worst part about alcoholism is excess alcoholism. A large, eerie red eye peers at him which he. To tighten and firm over time, choose one that also has peptides or retinol.

She hasn’t been the same since. Furthermore, publicly reporting that treatment doesn't work is an economic threat to the treatment industry, whose entire existence is dependent on the drug and alcohol treatment community. "i don't want to lose this marriage the way i lost my first marriage to the ravages of alcohol again. In fact, i have had no adverse symptoms as yet (i know it's early days though). If the only step that the individual takes is to give up alcohol and drugs they are unlikely to find success in recovery. It was simply a personal bet with myself to test my self-discipline. However, by clicking on the link below and trying to close the sales page you will see after doing that, you can grab this program today. I believe in praying to god.

Rather, this is tyne greatest quality rehab i have ever been to personally, and i am thrilled that i went there. When she finally got arrested it was a relief to most of us. Rules for carrying alcohol from duty free - multiple airports. Obsessive awareness of alcohol at every event – planning when and how to get in the “right” amount to get through the evening while still managing to drive sober to and from events, and appear “normal” to the outside world. Hyperventilation, or a person holding one’s breath.

Generally, cold turkey detox from other opiates, including heroin, is not dangerous. They didn’t make me feel like i failed because i relapsed, they just worked with me to make sure it didn’t happen again. It’s like “wow, you couldn’t possibly have fun”. That meant a whole evening of socializing without any chance of drinking in privacy. * there are many individuals who give up one addictive substance but continue to use other mind altering substances. Well i would suggest a couple of things. Illness, confusion, or a terminal illness, take. This book consists of details that can lead you to complimentary on your own from alcohol. I am so glad that i just read this.

Quitting alcohol has made me feel like i am from a different planet, and i have found myself asking a variety of existential questions. {alcohol free forever|alcohol free forever review|alcohol free forever reviews}. All the real trying out and reaal user critiques show which alcohol free forever is without a doubt official in addition to higly suggested with the aid of elite-reviews. Sponsorship is a highly individual matter with no. In the human body, alcohol is metabolized at the rate between. The natural remedies can help, but some type of benzo, if you can get them will help with withdrawals.   in some patients, eczema episodes are caused by processed foods.

The longer you are abstinent, the more time your mind and body have to heal. Usually a period of time during which people hold. Drug and alcohol addictions develop out of the ongoing changes taking place within the brain’s chemical system as far as its neurotransmitter production rates go. I had been drinking heavily for years, but i was 25. Tips for a dry cruise. Complete abstinence, what’s going to stop you from rationalizing that 4th or 5th drink once you’ve had 1-2.

Physical desires they were fixated on without. And with forever 21 coupon codes, coupons, and promo codes, you'll be able to save even more. Oh, one last thing … i quit gluten about 2 months ago because my digestive system was a totaly shambles … helped me a ton … brought my anxiety down a few notches, which is making all of this easier ( so when i say beer, it’s glutenberg lol ). If alcohol doesn’t have control over your life, then surely you can survive without it for 30 days. I’m reminded of what krishnamurti said ‘it is no measure of health to be well adjusted to a sick society’. You can ease your discomfort. I wish i knew of this years ago.

I like the most that they don`t talk about the addiction which is a good thing.   have you ever tried to stop drinking even if for a short time, and found yourself slipping back into old habits. If you want to use alcohol or drugs, you will. The disease concept is a convenient excuse for treatment providers.   no one ever said you can’t have an alcohol free life and love it. To the light, but he was afraid of judgment. Anything they like about god, up to and including. How to get rid of web ads forever.

A forever recovery starts with empowerment, which is the essential element in all practices required for sustained recovery. Awareness of other goals you want to achieve and for which alcohol prevents you from advancing, brakes or limits you in your possibilities. After reading some alcohol free forever reviews, i decided it was worth a try. The whois details for alcohol free forever is public which is normally a good thing. ​alcohol free forever by mark smith is not a fraud in all. Is detoxification necessary in treating alcohol addiction.

I wrote down all the reasons i don’t want to drink during a painful day. Load up on vitamin c too, a good organic brand. All of the above formats(open, closed, mixed, men,. Considering that it’s excellent, it could surely be one to believe about, we highly suggest it. All people will see god's salvation which has.

Just get through this and then keep going, remind yourself what it has cost you and what you stand to gain if you stop. Let go of the past. It’s been rough here, and a forever recovery is one of the few rehab centers in the state that is doing what needs to be done to rehabilitate locals and visitors alike. Oh and by the way, i have 2 jobs from home. , a bottle of jack daniels) if you're not prepared to finish it. The a forever recovery program is simply the best program to get the job done well, and i would highly recommend them to anyone who wants to get off of drugs and alcohol for good. Having that extra month at afr seemed to really help her.

Looking for reasons to justify his desire not to. Here is how to fight your eczema naturally.   although you want to stop eczema at the source, work on getting relief in the meantime. Even if spouse or family members keep drinking, it’s important that they support your choice. Hair alcohol tests will not work on hair that is less than 1/2″ to 1″ long.

I don’t even remember her being fully clean for a longer period than a week or two. Official aa pamphlet on sponsorship.

Alcohol Free Forever Reviews
Some people find it helpful to pretend that they are listening to a friend talking about their own situation.     since...

Alcohol Free Forever Reviews
"i haven't experienced any shakes, pains, bad dreams. More fundamental relationships that recovery. Taking solar energy as the sole source...